# ETOOBUSY ðŸš€ minimal blogging for the impatient

# PWC134 - Distinct Terms Count

**TL;DR**

On with TASK #2 from The Weekly Challenge #134. Enjoy!

# The challenge

You are given 2 positive numbers,

`$m`

and`$n`

.Write a script to generate multiplcation table and display count of distinct terms.

Example 1`Input: $m = 3, $n = 3 Output: x | 1 2 3 --+------ 1 | 1 2 3 2 | 2 4 6 3 | 3 6 9 Distinct Terms: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9 Count: 6`

Example 2`Input: $m = 3, $n = 5 Output: x | 1 2 3 4 5 --+-------------- 1 | 1 2 3 4 5 2 | 2 4 6 8 10 3 | 3 6 9 12 15 Distinct Terms: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 15 Count: 11`

# The questions

Wellâ€¦ this seems one of those delightful *challenge-by-example* that
somehow give ample space to creativity. This is in the spirit of the
whole Weekly Challenge - less focused on getting the exact result right
and more on letting techniques emerge.

This is also why I somehow find it a *failure* in my solutions very
often, because theyâ€™re the boring, less creative way of solving things.
Anyway.

In this case, Iâ€™m a bit intrigued by the space that should be left to
the left of the column indexed by `1`

. Thereâ€™s a single space in both
examples, which is consistent with the actual *need* for spacing in the
column. But then this is at odds with what happens for columns `2`

and
`3`

, because the two examples have the same data but different spacing.
Should we regard this as a special case for column 1 and then adopt the
same column width for the rest, or should it be considered a glitch in
the examples?

Weâ€™ll see in the implementation, as Iâ€™m writing these notes I still have to begin addressing the problem!

# The solution

UIs are my Achilleâ€™s heel and this is why this round is particularly
*challenging* for me.

The general width of the multiplication columns can be calculated by multiplying the two inputs together and getting the length of the decimal representation of the result:

```
# look! Language-neutral code!
my $width = length($n * $m);
```

The indexes columnâ€™s width is the length of the first input `$n`

:

```
my $idx_width = length($n);
```

The first colum has the same width because it contains the same values.

These widths can be later used to do the formatting of the columnâ€™s data.

At this point, we just have to count the distinct values. We can use a hash/set to keep track of the distinct values, then extract the keys and be done with that.

OK, enough talking, letâ€™s move on with the Perl implementation:

```
#!/usr/bin/env perl
use v5.24;
use warnings;
use experimental 'signatures';
no warnings 'experimental::signatures';
sub distinct_terms_count ($m = 3, $n = 5) {
my $width = length($n * $m);
my $idx_width = length($m);
my $data_formatter = sub ($first, @rest) {
join ' ', sprintf("%${idx_width}d", $first),
map { sprintf "%${width}d", $_ } @rest;
};
my @lines;
push @lines,
sprintf("%${idx_width}s | ", 'x') . $data_formatter->(1 .. $n);
push @lines,
('-' x $idx_width) . '-+-'
. ('-' x (length($lines[0]) - 3 - $idx_width));
my %distinct;
for my $r (1 .. $m) {
push @lines, sprintf("%${idx_width}d | ", $r) . $data_formatter->(
map {
$distinct{my $p = $r * $_} = 1;
$p;
} 1 .. $n
);
} ## end for my $r (1 .. $m)
return {
table => join("\n", @lines),
distinct => [sort { $a <=> $b } keys %distinct],
};
} ## end sub distinct_terms_count
say '';
my $outcome = distinct_terms_count(@ARGV);
say $outcome->{table} =~ s{^}{ }rgmxs;
say '';
say 'Distinct Terms: ', join ', ', $outcome->{distinct}->@*;
say 'Count: ', scalar($outcome->{distinct}->@*);
```

OK, thereâ€™s a lot for printing and a little for countingâ€¦ weâ€™re having fun!

On with Raku:

```
#!/usr/bin/env raku
use v6;
subset PosInt of Int where * > 0;
sub distinct-terms-count (PosInt:D $m, PosInt:D $n) {
my $width = ($n * $m).chars;
my $idx_width = $m.chars;
my &data_formatter = sub (*@items) {
my $first = @items.shift;
join ' ', sprintf("%{$idx_width}d", $first),
@items.map: { sprintf "%{$width}d", $_ };
};
my @lines;
@lines.push:
sprintf("%{$idx_width}s | ", 'x') ~ &data_formatter(1 .. $n);
@lines.push:
('-' x $idx_width) ~ '-+-'
~ ('-' x (@lines[0].chars- 3 - $idx_width));
my %distinct;
for 1 .. $m -> $r {
@lines.push: sprintf("%{$idx_width}d | ", $r) ~ &data_formatter(
(1 .. $n).map: {
%distinct{my $p = $r * $_} = 1;
$p;
}
);
} ## end for my $r (1 .. $m)
return join("\n", @lines), %distinct.keys.sort({ $^a <=> $^b });
}
sub MAIN ($m = 3, $n = 5) {
my ($table, $distinct) = distinct-terms-count($m, $n);
my @distinct = @$distinct;
put '';
put S:g/^^/ / with $table;
put '';
put 'Distinct Terms: ', @distinct.join(', ');
put 'Count: ', @distinct.elems;
}
```

Iâ€™m not sure what went wrong here. Passing parameters and returning
values still has a few rought edges for me (e.g. see the `$distinct`

and
`@distinct`

thing, or how itâ€™s difficult for me to get the first element
from the list. I meanâ€¦ whatever.

I hope you had fun!

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